Are you currently battling with a laptop that refuses to start for no apparent reason? No doubt, such an experience could be quite frustrating. But you need not hit the machine on the floor in anger or rush to a professional just yet; the problem may be one you can resolve by yourself. Here are some tips you may find helpful in fixing a laptop that won’t start.
Check power supply
While it might seem very obvious, power supply problem are often overlooked when a laptop or PC refuses to start. It is among the commonest issues, however. You need to first of all make sure your battery still has some charge in it through the power indicator. Also ensure that the power switch on your machine is turned on. If you recently changed your laptop adapter, check to ensure that you have the right one because an incompatible charger may supply different voltage, making it possible to boot. Examine the fuse in the plug to ensure that it is still working as it should.
Perform a hard reset
A hard reset may be helpful in resolving the problem of a computer that won’t start properly. This is known to be capable of correcting many problems. Before you begin the process, you need to remove all peripheral devices. You should also remove discs, USB devices and SD media cards because your laptop may be trying these before booting. Disconnect your power adapter and remove battery. Press and hold down the power button for 15 seconds or more to drain residual power. Reconnect your adapter and press the power button to start your notebook, without the battery inserted. Wait and see if startup is completed successfully.
Sometimes, the problem of a laptop failing to start is as a result of a faulty screen. This is more likely to be the case when you can hear the sound of the fan and/or other moving parts and also see the LED indicators in the keyboard area glowing. Based on this, you therefore want to check the display to ensure it is not the problem. Disconnect all external displays, if you have any, because these can stop your laptop from starting up properly.
It is possible that your laptop may have booted, but you are not able to detect this because the screen produces quite faint images. So you should consider powering on your computer in a dark room to detect any faint image on the screen. If you detect one, it is likely that your screen inverter is no longer working efficiently. You can buy a replacement and fix it yourself using a screwdriver.
Power into Safe Mode
You might be able to boot into Safe Mode on a Windows laptop when you are having startup issues. If you can still do this, you probably have a solution to your problem already. Safe Mode enables you to roll back any changes that may be responsible for your laptop not starting properly. You could uninstall latest driver updates or remove recently-installed programs to see if they are behind the boot issue. You will also be able to perform system restore, scan for malware or create a replacement for a corrupt user account. Booting into Safe Mode is done via a menu that is launched by pressing F8 while your computer is starting.
Investigate defective hardware
A piece of hardware may also make your laptop unable to start if it is faulty or incompatible. You should suspect this if the problem started after you changed hardware, such as RAM or storage drive. Remove the new hardware and re-install the old one, if it is still working, to see if that resolves the issue. Improper fixing of new piece of hardware is also a possible reason for startup problem, so you want to ensure a replacement is properly installed or seated.
Get an installation or rescue disc
There may be a hardware or software problem if your laptop starts booting, but freezes or crashes before completing. This is likely to be the problem if you get a “disk error” or “no bootable device” message or blue screen of death (BSOD). You could attempt to deal with this problem by inserting your OS installation disc or drive and running the startup repair tool. But if you do not have your Windows installation media, you can use a rescue disc image burned to a CD or extracted to a USB drive.
We hope the tips provided helps to solve the problem of your laptop being unable to start. OS re-installation may be needed if all the steps listed above failed.